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RFD- 4277 Business Items   Item #:   4. c.    
Committee of the Whole Meeting Agenda
Meeting Date: 04/19/2021  
Title:    2018-2019 Greenhouse Gas Inventory Update and Analysis - Van Gaal
Presenter: Caitlin Van Gaal
Department: Planning & Infrastructure  
Strategic Vision Element: Where People Choose to Live - A dynamic city with an exceptional quality of life Related Goal: Citizens consistently express high levels of satisfaction with municipal services.

Information
Request for Decision Summary
This presentation is being brought forward to the Committee of the Whole to provide information on the 2018-2019 GHG Inventory Update and Analysis report conducted by All One Sky Foundation. The report summarizes Spruce Grove’s estimated greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for the years 2018 and 2019. This report reviews trends in the City’s GHG emissions over time and assesses progress towards the City’s energy use and GHG emission reduction goals for 2035 as set out in the 2016 Energy Management Plan and Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategy.
 
Proposed Motion
 
That the 2018-2019 Greenhouse Gas Inventory Update and Analysis be received as information.
Background/Analysis
Over the past decade the urgency for addressing the climate crisis has become increasingly clear. This is evident in the extensive research that has been conducted on this topic. This research, as stated in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report 2018, concludes that without aggressive efforts to reduce GHG emissions there will be extensive impacts to not only ecosystems but the health and economic livelihoods of people across the planet. The need to address the climate crisis is also visible by the societal expectations and pressures that governments take action on addressing this issue.  This can be seen through global climate marches, election platforms and private sector policy direction changes.
 
As the climate crisis will have a large impact on the human population, it is fitting that local governments take a strong stance. The majority of the global population resides within cities and it is cities that are responsible for more than 70% of global emissions.
 
To take steps to address this crisis, the City of Spruce Grove (the City) has been a member of the Partners for Climate Protection (PCP) GHG emission reduction program since 2003. The PCP program is a partnership between ICLEI — Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI Canada) and the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) designed to help municipalities take action to reduce both “corporate” and “community” GHG emissions. This is a five milestone program that the City completed in 2017, making it the third municipality in Alberta to complete the program.
 
In 2016, as part of a long-term plan to reduce GHG emissions, the City’s “Energy Management Plan and GHG Reduction Strategy” set updated targets:
 
Energy use:
  • Reduce corporate energy use per capita to 40% below 2015 levels by 2035.
  • Reduce community energy use per capita to 25% below 2015 levels by 2035. 
GHG Emissions:
  • Reduce corporate GHG emissions per capita to 50% below 2015 levels by 2035.
  • Reduce community GHG emissions per capita by 35% below 2015 levels by 2035.
 
The 2018-2019 GHG Inventory report first presents an update of the City’s (corporate and community) GHG inventory for 2018 and 2019. Secondly, the report projects 2019 emissions through to 2035 and assesses the level of emissions reductions required to achieve the above targets. In addition, the report identifies a number of potential ways to cost-efficiently lower the City’s GHG emissions.
 
The key findings from the report are:
 
  • Total GHG emissions in 2019 from the combination of community and corporate activities were 448,733 tC02eq, or 12.0 tC02eq per person.  In order to meet the City’s 2035 targets emissions need to be around 9 tCO2eq per person by 2035.  To meet Canada’s Paris Agreement obligations emissions need to be around 3 tCO2eq per person by 2050.
  • While total energy use across the City increased by 12% since 2015, GHG emissions stayed the same. This was possible due to a large reduction in the GHG energy intensity of the Alberta electrical grid between 2015 and 2019.
  • Corporate GHG emissions were 13% lower in 2019 than in 2015, while community GHG emissions rose by less than 1%.
  • Due to a replacement of streetlights with energy efficient LED lights in 2018 and 2019, city energy use for streetlights has fallen by 40% since 2015. If the same amount of electricity had been used in 2019 as in 2015, light and sign use in 2019 would have cost an additional $51,647 (in 2019 dollars) and an additional 561 tC02eq emissions (based in the GHG intensity of the electricity grid in 2019).
  • Similarly it is estimated that LED lighting upgrades at the Agrena have saved an average of 1070 GJ of electricity, 158 tC02eq and $17,000 per year between 2016 and 2019.
  • The population of Spruce Grove has increased by 17% since 2015. The fact that the population is growing at a faster rate than corporate and community emissions suggests that the City is starting to decouple growth in emissions from growth in population.
  • In 2019, corporate energy use per capita was 6% below 2015 levels, and community energy use per capita was 5% below 2015 levels
  • In 2019, corporate GHG emissions per capita were 27% below 2015 levels, and community GHG emissions per capita were 14% below 2015 levels.
  • Modelling projections suggest that in order to meet its targets, the City has a total corporate carbon budget of 123,640 tCO2eq over the next fifteen years, and a total community carbon budget of 7,938,065 tCO2eq over the same time frame. These, respectively, are the maximum amounts of GHG emissions that can be emitted from 2020 until 2035 by city services and from the community in order to reach Spruce Grove’s GHG emissions targets.
Options/Alternatives
N/A
Consultation/Engagement
The 2018-2019 GHG Inventory Update and Analysis was completed by All One Sky Foundation, and minimal engagement was required during the process.  The report has since been shared with the Corporate Leadership Team, Operational Leadership Group and the Facilities team.
 
 
Implementation/Communication
This report will be posted on the City’s website and communicated to the public through standard means of communication (social media and web posts).  This report will serve as a baseline for the development of the Climate Change Action Plan (CCAP) that will be presented to Council in early 2022.  The CCAP will serve as a 10 year guiding document for the City to adapt to and mitigate the impacts of climate change.
 
Additional implementation measures could be explored to further reduce the City’s GHG emissions.  Some measures that are currently being implemented or explored to help to achieve further reduction are the Municipal Energy Manager program with the Municipal Climate Change Action Centre and a solar installation at Protective Services as part of the LEED certification process.
Impacts
The goal of the updated GHG inventory is that it will help to provide support for future projects and initiatives to be explored from an emissions reduction standpoint.  It will also provide more data and knowledge to the public so that they can make more informed decisions in their daily lives.

Attachments
2018-2019 GHG Inventory and Update
Report Summary for Website
2018-2019 GHG Inventory and Update - PowerPoint Presentation

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